HERITAGE HOP FIRST INTRODUCED IN KENT UK 1790
The fledgling NZ hop industry was started in Nelson in 1842, being relatively free of wind to which hops are susceptible. The first plantings were Green Bine (Fuggle), Bumford (Late Red, Old Golding), Cluster (Grape, Colegate's hop) and Golding.
According to Dr. Rudi Rodburgh, Bumford is botanically identical to Golding:
" BUMFORD Synonyms-Late, Late Red.
Bumford is a late-maturing variety of hops of average yielding ability under Nelson conditions. Botanically it is one of the English true Goldings which is still grown in England."
DOWNLOAD STUDY OF EARLY NZ HOPS
The original Old Golding plant used for the propagation of the plants we offer for sale on this web site was found growing in the West Coast gold mining ghost town of Waiuta by Graeme King. Unfortunately on a recent visit to Waiuta we found the hop has been removed.
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Alpha Acid Composition 3%-4%
Beta Acid Composition 4%-5%
Co-Humulone Composition 35%-37%
Lupulin Color Yellow
Cone Size medium
Cone Density Loose
Maturity: Mid Season
Yield: Low at 1000 - 1600 kg/hectare
Growth Rate: Moderate to Vigorous
Susceptibility to Disease and Pests: Good
Storability: Maintains 65%-80% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C
Ease of Harvest: Good Pickability
Total Oil Composition 0.24 g/100 grams
Myrcene Oil Composition: 25%
Humulene Oil Composition: 17%
Caryophyllene Oil Composition: 7%
Farnesene Oil Composition 0.34%